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Friday, September 29, 2006

More than 50 % in India unemployed during 2004-05

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When India government is boasting about the young age and plentiful of workfore, this report reveals the population is actually a big problem for India. Population without educations and jobs can not push its economy ahead. It is a large social and economicla burden.

New Delhi, Sept 29: More than half of the country`s population was reeling under unemployment during 2004-05 with urban India representing the most number of people without proper work.

According to the data released by the government on Friday, about 42 per cent of the population in the country were usually employed during the year 2004-05.

With the unemployment rate among the educated higher than that among those whose education level was lower than secondary, India was left with almost 58 per cent of its population without employment.

Rural areas accounted for 44 per cent of the employed while urban India had 37 per cent of its population employed.

In urban India, the `trade, hotel and restaurant` sector engaged about 28 per cent of the male workers while, `manufacturing` and `services` sectors accounted for nearly 24 and 21 per cent respectively of the usually employed males.

On the other hand, for urban females, the `services` sector accounted for the highest proportion (36 per cent) of the total usually employed, followed by `manufacturing` (28 per cent) and `agriculture` (18 per cent).

The employment rate (number of person unemployed per 1000 person in the labour force) according to usual status was 17 in the rural areas and 45 in the urban locations.

The unemployment rate for women are found to be higher than that for men, and the highest among urban women.

About 4 per cent of the rural households and 8 per cent of the urban households had no usually employed member.

During the period 1999-2000 to 2004-05, the unemployment rate in terms of the usual status remained almost the same for rural men and decreased by 1 percentage point for urban men, but increased by about 1 percentage point for women in both rural and urban areas.

In as many as 26 per cent of the households in the rural areas and 8 per cent in the urban areas, there was not a single member in the age group of 15 years and above, who could read and write a simple message with understanding.

In the rural areas during 2004-05, about 64 per cent men and 45 per cent of the women were literate. The corresponding proportions, in the urban areas, there were 81 per cent and 69 per cent.

Bureau Report

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